Electric cars – cars of the future

Even though electric cars seem to belong to the future, not the present, the first such car appeared in the mid-nineteenth century. The problem of pollution has revived the strong interest in the electric car, as the emissions of cars that run on thermal engines are increasingly affecting the environment. In 2010, the figure of one million units sold globally was reached.

Cars of the future?

Electric cars have developed recently, but the future is coming sooner than expected. They already have technological improvements, the cost of batteries has decreased, and Tesla no longer enjoys the position of market leader, but has a real competition.

What is an electric car

In the case of electric cars, gasoline or diesel used by classic cars for engine operation is replaced by electricity. Electric machines work by repeatedly charging a battery, similar to the process of recharging a mobile phone.

There are, however, electric machines whose mechanics are explained by the conversion of hydrogen gas into electricity.

What is a hybrid car

Not all electric vehicles (or “EVs”) work the same. Hybrid cars operate both on a petrol or diesel engine, but also with an electric motor: the latter is powered by a battery that can be recharged by connecting to the electric station.

Specific characteristics of an electric car

The good news about electric cars is that there are no spark plugs, oil change, antifreeze, and repairs are rare, because the number of movable components subjected to wear is significantly lower than the classic cars.

Autonomy of an electric car

The new energy storage technology improves the autonomy of electric cars, but overall, this is still a problem, especially since the dedicated infrastructure in Romania is just beginning. But the top electric cars have a range of about 430 km, with the batteries charged to the maximum, which is close to the equivalent of a full tank of a car on fuel. The calculation of autonomy includes the mass of the machine, and the number of accumulators is directly proportional to it.

Charging time in the case of an electric car

Compared to storing fuel at the pump, within a standard 10 minute interval, the charging time of an electric car depends on how much electricity can be delivered to the machine. Usually, the full charge of the batteries takes eight hours. The “overload” systems operate at high voltages and deliver in about 45 minutes the energy required for 250 km. But a 220V / 110V electricity network (your home can be your own supplier) can carry out the process.

The battery life of electric cars is between 5 and 13 years.

The maximum speed of an electric car

Electric vehicles reach speeds similar to conventional ones, but there are also electric supermachines, such as Tesla, which can reach up to 60 km / h in 3.7 seconds and reach maximum speeds of 200 km / h.

Acceleration of an electric car

Compared to the conventional car, the electric motor can produce the maximum torque as of the moment 0. Fuel engines produce the maximum torque at a certain speed and at certain engine speeds.

Use and maintenance costs for electric cars versus classic fuel cars

The good news about electric cars is that, in the long run, their use involves lower costs than in the case of conventional ones. This is due to the fact that the elements subject to wear are less than in the case of classic cars.

The only drawback, at present, is the fact that the services dedicated to electric cars are more difficult and require a greater search effort.

Now, the complete guide to the car of the future is complete, we are sure that it will be useful to you in choosing the most suitable for your lifestyle.


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